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Abstracts of ABRI MonographsSeries 3  Aetherometric Theory
Vol. VI  The Electrodynamics of Heat:
Chapter 1: What is Heat? (20 pages, 77 kB) 
AS3VI.1  What Is Heat?
Correa PN, Correa AN, Askanas M 
The present introductory monograph poses the general problem of understanding heat, its dynamics and how these are thought to obey a strange function and even stranger concept that goes by the name of entropy. It also casts a perspective on what is to come in the present disquisition on thermodynamics.
AS3VI.2  Foundations of Thermodynamics
Correa PN, Correa AN, Askanas M 
This communication presents the foundations of modern thermodynamics and then question them, to provisionally arrive at some new concepts of basic thermal functions. What exactly is meant by heat as a form of energy? What are the heat capacity, specific heat and heat content of a body, substance or system? How does enthalpy differ from the heat content of a body? How is heat transferred? Are there thermal forces responsible for holding the heat content of bodies, or deployed in heat transfer? Does the conventional function of entropy denote a thermal force? What are and have been the various conventional definitions of entropy? How do they differ and how are they ascertained? How does entropy relate to Gibbs free energy? What is reversible heat and what is reversible work? Are they fictional concepts and functions? What is the potential energy of a system? Is it the same as its internal energy function? In the course of answering these questions and presenting the conventional theory of thermodynamic functions, the authors propose an alternative view: an algebraic theory of thermodynamics based on the calculus of discernible quantities, including an algebraic treatment of entropy  instead of treatments based on a calculus of infinitesimal units of non existent "reversible" fluxes. The present chapter introduces the map that will be explored at length in subsequent communications of this volume.
The Carnot ideal engine led to Kelvin's and Clausius' discovery of an absolute scale of temperature, but the emergence of a statisticallydependent quantum theory of heat failed to provide the linear relationship of absolute temperature to thermal energy  in particular, to photon (electromagnetic) energy. The mistake harks back to Planck's law and his second radiation constant. The authors correct this with a simple law that permits them to distinguish between electromagnetic and thermokinetic heats, whether of state or involved in thermal energy transfer. They uncover for the first time the real dimensionality of temperature and demonstrate how it is both a molal electromagnetic production and a photon property. This leads them to examine the functions of the calorimeter  an instrument that, since Joule and Nernst to the present, has not ceased being the object of development  in light of their original theoretical framework and as applied to an entirely experimental approach. The authors then systematize the aetherometric algebra of discrete quantization for heating and cooling processes of the calorimeter.
AS3VI.4  The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics and the 2Body Problem of Thermal Equilibrium
Correa PN, Correa AN, Askanas M 
The Zeroth Law is not about relations between numbers, like numerical equalities, but between states of physical substances; and it is only needed if the notion of thermal equilibrium is axiomatically taken as being primary with respect to temperature. Accordingly, the authors first seek the conditions under which thermal equilibrium occurs by exploring different facets of the 2body problem, while contrasting the conventional treatment of entropy with the aetherometric twoheaded treatment of distinct entropies of state and heat flow. They find that, in all cases, determination of the final common temperature of the system is the critical parameter that permits definition of thermal equilibrium. Ultimately, this determination is extrinsic to the system and reduces to the temperature of the environment. But this does not abrogate the existence of intrinsic energybased determinations of the equilibrium temperature whose function is demonstrated using a fluidbased physical treatment of the 2body problem and without taking recourse to the fiction of an isolated system. This leads to the conclusion that the Zeroth Law has no role within Aetherometry, since the aetherometric concept of thermal equilibrium is based on a numerical relationship between photon energies, and is therefore ipso facto transitive. Two bodies are in thermal equilibrium when their molal electromagnetic heats of state are identical, irrespective of whether their molal thermokinetic heats of state are the same or different. This does not imply that the heat contents of the two bodies will be identical. It only requires that the primary (modal) photons of state in both substances have the same quantum energy. Accordingly, in Aetherometry, temperature does not need to have its existence axiomatically postulated.